Phyllodes tumors (from Greek: phullon leaf), also cystosarcoma phyllodes, cystosarcoma phylloides and phylloides tumor, are typically large, fast-growing masses that form from the periductal stromal cells of the breast. They account for less than 1% of all breast neoplasms.
This is predominantly a tumor of adult women. Patients typically present with a firm, palpable mass. These tumors are very fast-growing, and can increase in size in just a few weeks. Occurrence is most common between the ages of 40 and 50, prior to menopause.
The common treatment for phyllodes is wide local excision.]Other than surgery, there is no cure for phyllodes, as chemotherapy and radiation therapy are not effective.
The risk of developing local recurrence or metastases is related to the histologic grade, according to the above-named features
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