What is Hernia?
A hernia occurs when an organ or adipose tissue squeezes through a weak part during a surrounding muscle or animal tissue called fascia. The most common sorts of hernia are inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), and hiatal (upper stomach).
In an hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the wall or into the canalis inguinal is within the groin. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area.
In an incisional hernia, the intestine pushes through the wall at the location of previous abdominal surgery. This type is most common in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
A femoral hernia occurs when the intestine enters the canal carrying the femoral artery into the upper thigh. Femoral hernias are commonest in women, especially those that are pregnant or obese.
In an omphalocele, a part of the tiny intestine passes through the wall near the navel. Common in new born babies, it also commonly afflicts obese women or those who have had many children.
A hiatus hernia happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, a gap within the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.
Hernia cannot always be treated by medication, if it increases then surgeries are required to get rid of the problem. If the hernia is not treated and it keeps on increasing, it can cause a major problem in the future and can disturb one’s lifestyle.
Hernia surgery should be done by experts only as sometimes it may involve the risk of life. Hernia surgery specialist in Gurgaon have handled numerous patients who have consulted the doctor for the issues regarding hernia.
What Causes Hernias?
Ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia; the pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth; more often, it occurs later in life.
Anything that causes a rise in pressure within the abdomen can cause a hernia, including:
* Lifting heavy objects without stabilizing the abdominal muscles
* Diarrhea or constipation
* Persistent coughing or sneezing
In addition, obesity, poor nutrition, and smoking, can all weaken muscles and make hernias more likely.
How common are hernias?
Of all hernias that occur:
* 75 to 80% are inguinal or femoral.
* 2% are incisional or ventral.
* 3 to 10% are umbilical, affecting 10 to twenty of new-borns; most accessible themselves by 5 years aged.
* 1 to 3% are other types.
What are the symptoms of a hernia?
A hernia within the abdomen or groin can produce a clear lump or bulge which will be pushed back in, or which will disappear when lying down. Laughing, crying, coughing, straining during a movement, or physical activity may make the lump reappear after it’s been pushed in. More symptoms of a hernia include:
* Swelling or bulge within the groin or scrotum (the pouch that contains the testicles).
* Increased pain at the location of the bulge.
* Pain while lifting.
* Increase within the bulge size over time.
* A dull aching sensation.
* A way of feeling full or signs of bowel obstruction.
In the case of hiatal hernias there are not any bulges on the surface of the body. Instead, symptoms may include heartburn, indigestion, difficulty swallowing, frequent regurgitation (bringing food back up) and chest pain.
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